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    土木工程毕业设计摘要范文

    资料分类:土木工程毕业设计 - 论文摘要 | 发布形式:资料共享 | 更新时间:2018-11-28 显示全部楼层

      设计总说明
      本次毕业设计的内容是辽宁省丹东市第二高级中学宿舍楼设计,该宿舍楼是一个多层框架结构,地上六层,无地下层,总共六层.底层的层高为4.5米,标准层和顶层层高均为3.6米.建筑物的总高度为22.5米,总面积约4500平方米.根据国家现行的有关建筑结构设计规范与标准和“适用、安全、经济、美观”的设计原则,对宿舍楼进行了建筑与结构的初步设计,并初步获得了该宿舍楼的结构布置方案与结构计算模型.
      本次设计主要包括建筑设计和结构设计两个部分的内容.在建筑设计中,首先要根据建筑功能的需要对建筑进行划分,主要包括宿舍、活动室、楼梯间、门厅、卫生间等,并完成各层建筑平面图、立面图、剖面图等.在结构设计中,根据建筑功能要求及框架结构体系,确定结构平面布置图,及估算框架梁、柱的截面尺寸,进行荷载统计,结构计算选择有代表性的一榀框架进行计算,采用手算的简化计算方法,其中框架在竖向荷载下的内力计算采用弯距二次分配法,水平地震作用下框架结构内力计算采用底部剪力法进行分析,风荷载作用下框架结构内力计算采用D值法进行分析。此外,还要进行内力组合分析,对梁、柱、楼梯、基础及屋面的截面进行配筋计算。最后,采用PKPM软件建模进行电算,考虑了框架的整体空间作用,并将电算结果与手算结果进行了比较,发现不足之处.然后再从PKPM中导出结构施工图,包括板结构平面布置图,基础平面布置图,基础详图、框架梁、柱、一榀框架的配筋图,在此基础上进行修改.
      关键词:宿舍楼;框架结构;建筑设计;结构设计

      Abstract
      The graduation project is the second high-level dormitory in Dan dong City, Liaoning Province. The dormitory is a multi-storey frame structure with six floors, no ground floor and a total of six floors. The bottom layer is 4.5 meters high, the standard layer And the top floor are 3.6 meters high.The building's total height of 22.5 meters, with a total area of about 4500 square meters.According to the country's existing building structural design specifications and standards and "applicable, safe, economical, beautiful" design principles, The preliminary design of the building and structure of the dormitory was carried out, and the structural arrangement scheme and the structural calculation model of the dormitory were obtained.
      This design mainly includes two parts: architectural design and structural design.In the architectural design, we must first divide the building according to the needs of the building function, mainly including dormitory, activity room, staircase, entrance hall, bathroom, etc. In the structural design, according to the architectural function requirements and the frame structure system, the structural plan layout of the structure is determined, and the section size of the frame beam and column is estimated, and the load statistics and structural calculation are selected. Which is based on the simplified calculation method of hand calculation, in which the internal force calculation of the frame under the vertical load adopts the second-order distribution method of the curve, and the internal force of the frame structure under the horizontal earthquake is carried out by the bottom shear method Analysis of the internal force of the frame structure under wind load is analyzed by D value method. In addition, the internal force combination analysis, the beam, column, staircase, foundation and roof section reinforcement calculation. Finally, the PKPM software is used to model the computer, taking into account the overall spatial action of the framework and comparing the results of the calculation with the results of the calculation, and then derive the structural drawings from the PKPM, including the board structure Plane layout, foundation plan, basic details, frame beam, column, a framework of the reinforcement map, on the basis of this change.
      Keywords: Dormitory building , Frame structure , Architectural design ,Structure design

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